The annual report titled “The State of the World’s Human Rights,” documents human rights violations in 159 countries, also documents how 36 countries, including Israel, broke international law by returning refugees to countries where their safety was at risk. It documents how people in 22 countries (not including Israel) were killed for peacefully standing up for human rights and how war crimes were committed in at least 23 countries (including Israel).
It also blames the Palestinian parties in the authority “for not taking steps to ensure accountability for crimes committed by Palestinians armed groups in previous conflicts, including indiscriminate rocket and mortar attacks on Israel and summary killings of alleged ‘collaborators,’” it states. According to the report, Palestinians killed 16 Israelis, most civilians, and one foreign national in stabbings, car-rammings, shootings and other attacks last year.
The report expresses deep concern about Israel’s so-called Transparency Law, passed last year, which imposes new reporting requirements on organizations that receive most of their funding from foreign governments, citing it as an example of measures “to target human rights defenders in both Israel and the OPT [Occupied Palestinian Territories], who criticized Israel’s continuing occupation of the Palestinian territories.”
It also notes how the government has attempted to undermine the work of several prominent Israeli human rights groups, among them Breaking the Silence, B’Tselem and the Israeli branch of Amnesty International.
The report also cites as a bright spot on Israel’s human rights record the decision to prosecute Sgt. Elor Azaria, the Israeli soldier who killed a wounded and immobile Palestinian attacker and was sentenced yesteday to 18 months in prison.
“Most members of the Israeli forces who committed unlawful killings of Palestinians faced no repercussions,” reportnotes.
The following are some of the highlights of the chapter on Israel:
* By the latest count, 694 Palestinians are being held under Israeli administrative detention orders – without criminal charges – most of them in Israeli prisons. This is the highest number recorded in close to 10 years. Three Israeli Jews were also taken into custody under administrative orders last year but relatively soon thereafter released.
* Even though roughly 1,000 complaints alleging torture by members of the Israeli security forces have been filed since 2001, no criminal investigations have been opened against them.
* Israel continues to use excessive force against Palestinian protesters, killing 22 and wounding thousands last year with rubber-coated metal bullets and live ammunition.
* Israel demolished 1,089 homes and other structures built in the West Bank and East Jerusalem without permits – representing a record number for one year. Many of the homes demolitions were in Bedouin communities. It also forcibly evicted 1,600 people from their homes.
* Israel also demolished hundreds of Arab homes inside Israel, which it said were built without permits.
* Israel demolished or made uninhabitable 25 homes of families of Palestinians who carried out acts of terror, as part of its policy of collective punishment.
* More than two years after Israel’s last war in Gaza, the military had closed investigations into 12 suspicious incidents, “despite evidence that some should be investigated as war crimes,” according to the report.
* At least 21 Israeli women, mainly Arab, were reportedly killed by their partners or family members last year – in some cases after police failed to provide them with adequate protection.
* Of more than 37,000 Eritrean and Sudanese asylum-seekers in Israel, more than 18,900 still have their applications pending.
* At least five conscientious objectors to military service were imprisoned last year. One of them, Tair Kaminer, was held for almost six months – longer than any other female conscientious objector in Israeli history.