Poll indicates Palestinians’ attitudes towards politics, lifestyle habits — and more

The latest poll on the Palestinian public opinion, prepared by Dr. Nabil Kukali, revealed the following key results:

  •  (37.7 %) of the Palestinians support the two-state solution, while (19.6 %) support the one-state solution.
  • (48.3 %) are to various extents content with the performance of the Palestinian president, Mr. Mahmoud Abbas.
  • (32.1 %) consider Lionel Messi as their favorite football player, for (30.4 %) is Cristiano Ronaldo.
  • (54.1 %) didn’t read a book for a long time.

The latest poll prepared conducted by the Palestinian Center for Public Opinion (www.pcpo.org), during the period from July 11 – 24, 2015 covered a random sample of (1025) Palestinian respondents representing the various demographic specimens of Palestinians (18 years and above) living in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip. It revealed that (37.3 %) of the Palestinian public support the two-state solution against (19.6 %), who support the one-state solution.

Dr. Nabil Kukali, President and founder of the Palestinian Center for Public Opinion, said in a statement that there is a critical drop at the rate of (16.6 %) in the support of the Palestinians for the two-state solution as a basis for a just and permanent solution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict in comparison with a previous poll conducted in November 2014. This fall back might be referred to the conviction of the Palestinian public that Netanjahu’s government is not interested in such a solution and that its implementation on the ground seems to be intractable, if not impossible, the matter which raised the support rate for the one-state option. Dr. Kukali added that, on the other hand, the rate of those respondents who support the one-state solution climbed up to (19.6 %) although they are convinced that such a solution will be rejected by the Israeli government as to maintain the Jewish identity of the state and their fear of the demographic factor that is increasing to the favor of the Palestinians.

Dr. Kukali further stated that the rate of content with the performance of the Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas is still high and that the rate of support for his re-election for another term is the highest at present compared with other Hamas candidates.

In a totally different domain, Dr. Kukali pointed out that more than half of the Palestinian public, specifically (54.1 %), didn’t read a book since a long time. This aversion to the reading of books might be explained with their conviction that the book is not the only source of knowledge, as there are other sources such as TV, Internet, newspapers, magazines, which might be an alternative to reading of books. In this context, Dr. Kukali emphasized that, on the contrary, reading of books will remains a significant stream of the human knowledge along with other streams or knowledge sources.

The best Solution for the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
Responding to the question:”Some people in the West Bank and Gaza Strip support the two-state solution, a Palestinian state beside the state of Israel, others support the one-state solution, namely one state for the two peoples, Israelis and Palestinians. Which solution is nearer to your point of view?”, (37.7 %) of the respondents said they support the two-state solution, (19.6 %) support the one-state solution, (17.6 %) said “otherwise” and (25.1 %) said “I don’t know”.

Performance of President Mahmoud Abbas
Regarding the question:”To which extent are you content or discontent with the performance of the president Mahmoud Abbas in his capacity as president of the Palestinian Authority ?” ,
(12.7 %) said “very content”, (35.6 %) “somehow content”, (25.9 %) “somehow discontent”, (21.4 %) “very discontent” and (4.4 %) said “I don’t know”.

The Presidency Elections
With respect to the question:”Suppose new presidential elections would be held now and Mahmoud Abbas would run these elections as candidate for Fatah and Ismael Haniyyeh as a candidate for Hamas, for whom would you vote ?” , (39.4 %) of the respondents said “for Mahmoud Abbas”, (21.9 %) “for Ismael Haniyyeh, (23.9 %) said they didn’t decide yet and (14.8 %) said “I don’t know”.

And responding in this context to the question:”If Mohammad Dahlan for Fateh and Ismael Haniyyeh for Hamas were rivals, for whom would you vote ?”, (25.2 %) of the respondents said:”for Mohammad Dahlan, (28.1 %) for Ismael Haniyyeh, (29.8 %) said they didn’t decide yet and (16.9 %) said “I don’t know”.

And further to the question:”Assuming a male candidate and a female candidate have the same qualifications to run any future elections and you had to vote only for one of them, for whom would you vote ?”, (76.1 %) said for the male candidate and (23.9 %) would vote for the female candidate.

How was your day today?
With respect to the question:”How would you describe your day today ? Was it an ordinary day, a pleasant or a bad day ?”, (52.9 %) said “it was an ordinary day”, (35.9 %) “a pleasant day”, (9.1 %) “a bad day” and (2.1 %) said:”I don’t know”.

The Smoking Habit
Responding to the question:”Are you a smoker or a non-smoker ?”, (35.7 %) said they are smokers, (64.3 %) are non-smokers.

Personal Pictures on Facebook
Regarding the question:”Do you agree or disagree to exposing personal and familial pictures on Facebook ?”, (28.9 %) said they agree, (62.5 %) disagree and (8.6 %) said:”I don’t know”.

Sleeping hours
With respect to the question:”What’s the average of your sleeping hours daily ?”, (3.2 %) of the respondents said “less than 4 hours”, (17.2 %) said “4-5 hours”, (46.6 %) “6-7 hours”, (28.2 %) “8-9 hours” and (4.8 %) said they sleep more than 10 hours daily.

The Favorite Football Player
Responding to the question:”Who is your favorite football player ?”, (32.1 %) said “Lionel Messi”, (30.4 %) said “Cristiano Ronaldo” and (37.5 %) said “I don’t know”.

Traveling Abroad
Regarding the question:”Did you travel abroad during the last twelve months ?”, (17.3 %) said “Yes” and (82.7 %) said “No”.

The Reading Habit
Responding to the question:”Can you tell us please when did you read the last time a book ?”, (19.6 %) said “in less than a month ago”, (13.9 %) “two months ago”, (12.4 %) “six months ago”, and (54.1 %) said that they didn’t read a book for a long time ago.

And to the next question in this context:”How do you explain your aversion to the reading of books ?”, (15 %) said “due to the psychological condition and the prevailing circumstances”, (32.6 %) said they rely on the media, (9.9 %) said because they have no money and (42.5 %) because they find reading boring.

Methodology of the Survey Study

Mr. Elias Kukali, Head of the Quantitative Researches Department at the PCPO, said that all interviews of this survey were conducted inside the respondents’ homes, i.e. face-to-face during different working hours, at least 5 hours a day, including the evening time, in order to ensure proper representation of those sub-groups of the population, which would otherwise be difficult to reach and selecting one individual in each household using Last Birthday Method. The choices were taken from a total of (171) election sites, from which (125) sites are located in West Bank and (46) sites in Gaza Strip according to the distribution of the Central Election Commission. These election sites were randomly chosen by using the method of the simple random sample. These in turn were the beginning of the random sample choice made from those regions in accordance with PCPO’s long experienced methodology.

Mr. Elias Kukali has further established that the margin of error was (±3.06 %) at a significance and confidence levels of (5.0%) and (95%) respectively. He added that the rate of the female respondents in this survey was (49.6%) against (50.4%) male respondents. The distribution of the random sample between the Palestinian two major regions was (62.0%) in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and (38.0 %) in Gaza Strip.

About PCPO

The Palestinian Center for Public Opinion (PCPO) is a leading full service research institute in Palestine and in a position to organize, implement, handle and conduct national and regional field surveys, studies and researches of any size within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The PCPO is founded in February 1994 in Beit Sahour by Dr. Nabil Kukali, who became the president of this center since that time. After the arrival of the Palestinian Authority (PA), the PCPO was registered as a research center under license number (Am/2). The Palestinian Ministry of information issued the license that permits establishing satellite offices elsewhere in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Furthermore, PCPO is registered as a licensed business at the Ministry of Treasury under number 989326251. The Palestinian Center for Public Opinion (PCPO) is an independent institution and is not affiliated or biased to any political inclination or party. In addition, public opinion polls and surveys are conducted by PCPO with utmost neutrality and professionalism and PCPO is devoted to provide researchers, research centers and universities, policy makers, Palestinian political parties, business men, the media, any parties interested or involved in Palestinian affairs as well as ordinary people with reliable information and data on the level and inclinations of the Palestinian public opinion with regard to topics and politics of general, public interest. In addition, we are a member of WIN/Gallup International, ANPOP, WAPOR and ESOMAR.